11 Abr Paris Agreement Adaptation
For the first time in the history of international climate negotiations, adaptation has its own article in a legal text. What is even more striking is that losses and damages, which are historically considered to be an integral part of the adjustment, also do so. For many years, negotiations on adaptation, loss and damage between industrialized countries, which prioritize mitigation over adaptation, loss and damage, and developing countries, which are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, have been controversial. The chronicle of the controversial discussions and negotiations that preceded these monumental articles of the Paris Agreement shows that tensions between the parties to the agreement are still present. It also highlights the negotiable points for future conferences of the parties («COPs»). The Paris Agreement requires national cooperation between the contracting parties as part of national adaptation measures. In accordance with Article 7.9, «the parties are involved, where appropriate, in the planning processes for adaptation and the implementation of actions, including the development or improvement of relevant plans, policies and/or contributions.»  These planning and implementation processes include adaptation measures, national adjustment plans, national priority measures, sustainability and resilience building.  The parties are able to guide their own accommodations in the manner in which they deem appropriate a differentiation that guides the national process of planning and implementing adaptation. This political letter presents the views of the Southern Voices on Adaptation coalition on what should be included in the adaptation communication.
It forms the basis of a presentation to the UNFCCC to contribute to discussions and negotiations at the UNFCCC meeting in May. Our proposals build on the experience and recommendations of climate civil society activists in developing countries around the world – Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Cambodia, Kenya, Malawi, Ghana, Nicaragua and Guatemala – and on common adaptation principles, which are our measure for an effective and equitable national environment for adaptation to climate change. We encourage parties and observers to participate in the discussion on adaptation notifications – and hope you will discuss them while you participate in the Adaptation Communication Workshop.  Kathleen Mogelgaard – Heather McGray, When Adaptation Is Not Enough: Paris Agreement recognizes «Loss and Damage,» World Res. Inst. (December 24, 2015), www.wri.org/blog/2015/12/when-adaptation-not-enough-paris-agreement-recognizes «loss-and-damage.» This technical report examines in detail the future task of transforming the overall goal of adapting the Paris climate agreement from warm words into real measures that will save lives and livelihoods on the ground. In the past, the international community`s adaptation commitments have tended to resign themselves to the fight against climate change. However, the definition of the overall adjustment objective is an important step towards material parity between mitigation and adaptation. This paper is aimed at intergovernmental scientific bodies, such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and specialized bodies established under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), as well as various other government bodies. The agreement recognizes the role of non-partisan stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. The paragraphs of the Paris Agreement and the COP21 decision rely heavily on the Governance Adaptation Committee.
Article 7.7 of the Paris Agreement calls on the contracting parties to take into account Cancun`s current adaptation framework. Paragraphs 41 to 46 of COP21 contain more precise information on how to do so. These paragraphs first direct the Adaptation Committee to review the accommodation processes and to submit recommendations to the COP at the time of the